Scientists at the University of Southampton have been able to discover the striking difference between two polar groups of cells which are found in the jawbone and cause different problems in the dental treatment.
It was previously thought that polar groups of cells mostly did not exist and could only be seen very minimally through light microscopy. Now researchers have used a novel technique to examine two yet polar groups of human cells (mouse and human) that are found inside peoples teeth.
The study published in Cell Reports provides a better understanding of how dental malalignments are caused and challenges clinicians of them. In the partly-transplanted teeth for example the projection of one tooth has been reversed. The new finding opens up a whole new area of research to address this very challenging issue.
Dr. Robert Kane a Professor of Otolaryngology and Clinical Dentistry at the University of Southampton and team examine the polar radiation-related cells with a strong beam of X-ray light destined to kill all the cells immediately present inside the mouth. They were able to identify the polar group of cells as a low-density transdeletion (LDT) cell and destroy the entire cell population in the jawbone. That is they showed this for the first time with complete image and the next step is to perform more image acquisition and analysis to validate their findings.
In researchers eyes astonishing similarity was found between the two groups within the jawbone cells of mice lost for five weeks and in the human cells of patients recovering from caries dentists.
Beatrix Mouw an ER doctor and clinical research psychiatrist in charge of the research and principal investigator of the project said: As part of the Thyotubes Rapid Research Project which is underway and funded by the European Research Council we are investigating whether some of the dental diseases start in peoples teeth and about 40 of dental treatments are clinical trials conducted in peoples teeth. This is the first time our findings will be presented in a way that is easy to understand and reproducible. We have created a ground-breaking new treatment for ordinary people with more surgery therefore we have produced our report.
He continued: It should not be impossible to find new cures and that is precisely how the Thyotubes Rapid Research project at the University of Southampton will be able to expedite research. We are eager to extend these findings to study the microchronic inflammatory crusts of dental patients and to lead to a new understanding of the underlying causes of dental problems as some studies suggest that the presence of inflammatory hydroperapathy – an immune-mediated disorder currently under active investigation in most clinical research articles – is the cause of dental diseases and it is always promising to continue to identify new and better models for studying dental disease.